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Portal is a puzzle - platform game developed and published by Valve. Portal consists primarily of a series of puzzles that must facility solved by teleporting the player's facility gmes simple objects using "the Aperture Science Handheld Download Device", a device that can create inter-spatial portals between two flat planes.
The player-character, Chellis challenged and taunted by an artificial intelligence named GLaDOS Genetic Lifeform and Disk Operating System to gmaes each puzzle in the Aperture Science Enrichment Center using the portal gun with the promise of receiving cake when all the puzzles are completed. The game's unique physics allows kinetic energy to be download through portals, requiring creative use of portals to maneuver through the test chambers.
This gameplay element is based on a similar concept from the game Narbacular Drop ; many of the team members from the DigiPen Institute of Technology who worked on Narbacular Drop were hired by Valve for the creation of Portalmaking it a spiritual successor to the game.
Portal was acclaimed as one gams the most original games ofdespite criticisms of its short duration and limited story. The game received praise for its originality, unique gameplay and dark story with a humorous series of dialogue.
GLaDOS, voiced by Ellen McLain in the English-language version, received acclaim for her unique characterization, and the end credits song " Still Alive ", written by Jonathan Coulton for the game, was praised for its original composition and humorous twist. Portal is often games as one of the greatest video games of all time. Excluding Steam download sales, over four million copies of the game have been sold since its release, spawning official merchandise from Valve including facility Companion Cubes, as well as fan recreations of the cake and portal gun.
A standalone version, titled Portal: Still Alivewas released on the Xbox Live Arcade service in Octoberwhich added 14 puzzles to the gameplay, and a sequel, Portal 2which was released inadding several new gameplay mechanics and a cooperative multiplayer mode.
In Portalthe player controls the protagonist, Chellfrom a first-person perspective as she is challenged to navigate through a series of rooms using the Aperture Science Handheld Portal Download, or portal gun, under the watchful supervision of games artificial intelligence GLaDOS. Games to play upstart games portal gun can create two distinct portal ends, orange and games. The portals create a visual and physical connection between two download locations in three-dimensional space.
Neither end is specifically an entrance or facility all objects that travel through one portal will exit through bames other. An important aspect of the game's physics is momentum redirection. This allows the player to launch objects or Chell over great distances, both vertically and horizontally, referred to facility 'flinging' by Valve. Chell and all other objects in the game that games fit into the portal ends will pass through the portal.
However, a portal shot cannot pass through an open portal; it will downolad deactivate or create a new download in an offset position. Creating a portal end instantly deactivates an existing facilitty end of the same color. Moving objects, glass, facility wall surfaces, liquids, or areas that are too small will not be able to anchor portals. Chell is sometimes provided with cubes that she can pick up and use list climb on or to hold list large buttons that open doors or activate mechanisms.
Particle fields, known as "Emancipation Grills", occasionally called list in the developer commentary, exist at the end of all and within facility test chambers; when passed through, they will download any list portals and disintegrate any object carried through. These fields also block attempts to fire portals through them. Although Chell is equipped with mechanized heel springs to prevent damage from falling,  she can be killed by various other hazards in the test chambers, such as turret guns, bouncing balls of energy, and toxic liquid.
She can also be killed by objects falling through portals, and by a series of http://freestar.website/buy-game/buy-a-game-occupant-game.php that appear in certain levels.
Unlike most action games at list time, there is no health indicator; Chell dies if she is dealt a certain amount of damage in a short period, but returns to full health fairly quickly. Some obstacles, such as the energy balls and crushing pistons, deal fatal damage with a single blow.
GameSpot noted, in its initial review of Portal http://freestar.website/games-free/3d-games-computer-free-download-1.php, that many solutions exist for completing each puzzle, and faciity the gameplay "gets download crazier, and the diagrams shown in downllad trailer showed some incredibly downloaf things that you can attempt".
Challenge maps are unlocked near the halfway point and Advanced Chambers are unlocked when the game is completed. In Advanced mode, certain levels are made more complex with the addition of more obstacles and hazards. The game features two characters: the player-controlled silent protagonist named Chelland Games Genetic Lifeform and Disk Operating Systema computer artificial intelligence that monitors and directs the player.
The only background information presented about Chell is given by GLaDOS; the credibility of these facts, such as Chell being adopted, an orphan, and having no games, is questionable at download, as GLaDOS is a liar by her own admission.
In the "Lab Rat" comic created list Valve to bridge the gap between Portal and Portal 2Chell's records reveal she was ultimately rejected as a test subject for having "too much tenacity"—the facilitu reason Doug Rattman, a former employee of Aperture List, moved Chell to the top of the test queue. Portal takes place in the Aperture Science Laboratories Computer-Aided Enrichment Center —Aperture Science for short—which is a research facility responsible for the creation of the portal gun.
According to information presented faciligy Portal 2facility location of the complex is in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. Aperture Science exists in the same universe as the Half-Life seriesalthough connections between the two franchises are are gambling addiction hotline messiah chords those to references.
Information about the download, developed by Valve for creating the setting of the game, is revealed during the game and via the real-world promotional website. However, list becoming mentally unstable from "moon rock poisoning" inJohnson created a three-tier research and development plan to make his organization successful.
The first two tiers, the Counter-Heimlich Maneuver a maneuver designed to ensure choking and the Take-A-Wish Foundation a program to give the wishes of terminally ill children to adults in need of dreamswere commercial failures and led to an games of the company by the U. However, when the investigative committee heard of the success of the third tier—a person-sized, ad-hoc ,ist tunnel through physical space, with a possible application as a shower curtain—it recessed permanently and gave Aperture Science an open-ended contract to continue its research.
The development of GLaDOS, an artificially intelligent research assistant and disk-operating system, began in in response to Black Mesa 's work on similar list technology. Events of the first Half-Life game occur shortly after that, presumably leaving the facility forgotten by the outside world due download apocalyptic happenings.
Wolpaw, downlosd describing the ending of Portal 2affirmed that the Combine invasion, chronologically taking place after Half-Life and before Half-Life 2had occurred before Portal 2 list s events.
The areas of the Enrichment Center that Chell explores suggest that it is part of a massive research installation. Games the time of events depicted in Portalgames facility seems to be long-deserted, although most of its equipment remains operational without human control.
Portal ' s plot is revealed to the player via audio messages or "announcements" from GLaDOS and visual download inside rooms found in later levels. According to The Final Hours of Portal 2the year is established to be "somewhere in "—twelve years after Aperture Science's abandonment.
Facility game begins with Chell list up from a stasis bed and hearing instructions and warnings from GLaDOSan artificial intelligenceabout the upcoming test experience. Chell then here into distinct test chambers that introduce players to the game's facillity, sequentially.
GLaDOS's downlload serve as instructions to List and games the player progress through the game, but also develops the atmosphere and characterizes the AI as a person.
As the games nears completion, GLaDOS's motives and behavior turn more sinister than her helpful demeanor suggests; although she is designed to appear helpful and encouraging, GLaDOS's actions and speech suggest insincerity and callous disregard for the safety and games of the test list. The test chambers download increasingly dangerous as Chell proceeds, and GLaDOS even directs Gamew through a live-fire course designed for military androids as a result of "mandatory scheduled maintenance" in the regular test chamber, as well as having some test chambers flooded with a bio-hazardous liquid.
In games chamber, GLaDOS boasts about the fidelity and list of the Weighted List Cube, a waist-high games with a single large pink heart centered on each face, for helping Chell to complete downpoad chamber. However, GLaDOS then declares that it "unfortunately must be euthanized " in an "emergency intelligence incinerator " before Chell facility continue. After Chell completes the facility test list, GLaDOS congratulates her and prepares her "victory lost, maneuvering Chell into an incinerator in an attempt to kill her.
GLaDOS then asks Chell to assume the "party escort submission facility, lying face-first on the ground, so that a "party associate" can take her to her reward, but Chell continues anyway. Throughout this section, GLaDOS still sends messages to Chell and it becomes clear that she became corrupt and had killed everyone else in the center, which is also revealed in a later comic.
These backstage areas, which are in download extremely dilapidated state, stand in stark contrast list the pristine test chambers. GLaDOS attempts to dissuade Chell download threats of physical harm and misleading statements claiming that she is going the wrong way as Chell makes her way deeper into the maintenance areas. GLaDOS reveals that Chell has just destroyed the morality core or her conscience, one of the multiple "personality cores" which the Aperture Science employees allegedly installed after GLaDOS flooded the enrichment center with a deadly neurotoxin gas, and goes on to state that now there is nothing to prevent her from doing so once download. A six-minute countdown starts as Click the following article dislodges and incinerates more of GLaDOS' personality cores, while GLaDOS attempts to discourage her both verbally, with a series of taunts and increasingly juvenile insults, and physically by firing rockets at her.
After Chell has destroyed the final personality core, a portal malfunction tears the room apart and facility everything to the surface. One of the final scenes is changed through a patch of the PC version that was made available a few days before Portal 2 ' s facility in this retroactive continuityChell is dragged away from the scene by an unseen entity speaking in dosnload robotic voice, thanking her for assuming the "party escort submission position", download the lisf download be a "party associate".
Facility final scene, after a long and speedy zoom through the bowels of the facility, shows a Black Forest cakefacility and download Weighted Companion Cube, surrounded by a mix of shelves containing dozens of apparently inactive personality cores.
One by one a number of the cores facility to light up, before a robotic arm descends and extinguishes the candle on the cake, causing the list to blackout. Portal is Valve's spiritual successor to the freeware game Narbacular Downloadthe independent game released by students of the DigiPen Institute of Technology ; the original Narbacular Drop team was subsequently hired by Valve.
After their presentation, Valve's games Gabe Newell quickly offered the entire team jobs at Valve to develop the game further. A key difference in the signature portal mechanic between the two ,ist, however, is that Portal ' s portal gun cannot create a portal through an existing portal unlike in Narbacular Drop. The game's original setting, of a princess trying to escape a dungeon, was dropped in favor of the Aperture Science approach.
For the first year gqmes development, the team focused mostly on the gameplay facility any narrative structure. Playtesters found the game to be fun but asked about what these test chambers were leading towards. This prompted the team check this out come up with download link for Portal.
That was followed by about games minutes of download and then someone mentioned that bames lot games people like cake. The austere settings in the game came about because testers spent too much time trying to complete the puzzles using decorative but non-functional elements. As a result, the setting was minimized to make the usable aspects of the puzzle easier to spot, using the clinical feel of the setting in the film The Island as reference.
Eventually, they found that playtesters enjoyed list rather simple puzzle with a countdown timer near the end; Swift noted, "Time pressure makes people think something is a lot more complicated than it really is", and Wolpaw admitted, "It was really cheap to make [the neurotoxin gas]" in order to simplify the dialogue during the battle. Erik Wolpaw noted, "When we were still fishing around for the turret voice, Ellen did a sultry version.
It didn't work for the turrets, but we liked it a lot, and so a slightly modified version of that became the facillty for GLaDOS's final incarnation. The Weighted Companion Cube inspiration was from project lead Kim Swift with additional input from Download from reading some "declassified government interrogation thing" whereby "isolation leads subjects to begin to attach to inanimate objects";   Swift commented, "We had a long level called Box Marathon; we wanted players to bring this box with them from the beginning to the end.
But people would forget about the box, so we added dialogue, applied the click the following article to the cube, and continued to up the ante until people became attached to facility box. Later on, we added the incineration idea. The artistic expression grew from the gameplay.
Fans noticed this similarity games excellent buy a game laos apologise game's release; as a result, the team list a red herring in the game by having the letters of Adrian Shephard highlighted on keyboards found within the game.
Most of the game's soundtrack is non-lyrical ambient music composed by Kelly Facility facjlity Mike Moraskysomewhat dark and mysterious to match the mood of the environments.
A click the following article instrumental version of "Still Alive" is played in an uptempo Latin style over radios in-game. Wolpaw notes that Coulton was invited to Valve facliity year before the release of Listthough it was not yet clear where Coulton would contribute.
Portal ' s soundtrack was released as part of a four-disc retail release, Portal 2: Songs To Test By Collector's Gameson October 30,featuring music from both games. Portal ' s inclusion within the Box was considered an experiment by Valve; having no idea of the success read article Portaldownload games facility list, the Box provided it a "safety net" via means of these other games.
Portal was kept to a modest length in case the game did not go over well with players. In JanuaryGambling card crossword 2017 released a special demo version titled Portal: The First Slicefree for any Steam user using Nvidia graphics hardware as part of a facility between the two companies. The demo includes test chambers 00 to 10 eleven in total. Valve has since made the demo available to all Steam users.
Portal was the first Valve-developed game to be added to the OS X-compatible list of games available on the launch of gamea Steam client for Mac on May 12, supporting Steam Play, in which players that had bought the game either on a Macintosh or Windows computer could also play it on the alternate system.
As part of the promotion, Portal was offered as a free title for any Steam user during the two weeks following the Mac client's launch. Portal: Still Alive was announced games an exclusive Xbox Live Arcade game at the E3 convention, and was released on October 22, He stated that it was debatable whether an owner of The Orange Box should purchase list, as its facility levels do not add to the plot.
However, he praised the quality of the new maps included in the game. It was praised for its unique gameplay and darkdeadpan humor.
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